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Islam Holy Tomb

Time:2019-11-11  Author:  Read:3928

       The oldest and most intact holy Islamic relics in China is located at Lingshan Hill scenic spot in Qingyuan Mountain Attractions. And it was announced to be National Priority Cultural Relic Protection Site in January, 1988.

       As recorded in Fujian Chronicles by He Qiaoyuan in Ming Dynasty, during Wude Reign of Tang Dynasty(the year of 618—626 AD), Muhammad sent four sagacious disciples on mission to China, the first sage did missionary work in Guangzhou, the second in Yangzhou, the third sage Sha Ye Chu and the fourth sage Wo Gao Shi in Quanzhou, and the latter two were buried in Lingshan after death. After their burial, the mountain glowed in the dark, people were amazed at its sacred spirit, naming it holy tomb and mountain Lingshan Hill. There exist two graves standing side by side, the grave blanket is carved in granite, behind the tomb a u-shaped ambulatory is built along the hill, about three meters high. Several stone pillars in the corridor look like the edges of weaving, which ancient architecture experts named prismatic columns, being characterized by typical buildings of Tang Dynasty. There are five stone tablets of the past dynasties in the corridor, in the middle is the Arabic inscription diabase stone erected in the second year of Zhizhi Reign of Yuan Dynasty, that is, AD 1322. It records that the two sages came to China in Phaefore's Era, (as researched by scholars, ‘the Phaefore’s Era was ancient Arabian addressing of the Tang Dynasty emperor’). On the right is a monument erected by the subordinates of Zheng He after he came here to make sacrifice and pay tribute to the memorial tablet, when he went to the West Sea for the fifth time via Quanzhou in the fifteenth year of Yongle Reign of the Ming dynasty (1417 AD). On the stele a line is inscribed as ‘eunuch Zheng He, the Imperial Commissioner and Commander, goes to Ormuz and other countries in the West Seas on business, and holds a sacrificial rite here on May 16 of the fifteenth year of Yongle Reign, praying for the protection and blessing of the Holy Spirit. The monument is erected by Military Officer Pu Heri.’ The stone pavilion over the Tomb was rebuilt in 1962. Beside the Tomb, there are some sarcophagus tombs of some ancient Muslims, on which the pattern of ‘cloud and moon’ commonly used in Islam and fragments of the Koran are engraved. There is a huge natural stone before the tomb, which seems to waggle with a wind, and sway with a push, so it’s named ‘Wind-swaying Stone’. ‘Jade Ball’ was inscribed by Quanzhou Magistrate Zhou Daoguang of the Ming Dynasty on the stone, and this Wind-swaying Stone is one of the eight famous scenic spots in Quanzhou, being called ‘Jade Ball Wind Swaying’.

       Islam Holy Tomb has become important historic materials to study overseas traffic history and Islamic dissemination history of Quanzhou.  

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